36th America´s Cup. Malta Altus Challenge se convierte en el cuarto equipo desafiante.



© 36 AC

Fuente info 36th America´s Cup

Malta Altus Challenge is the new entry of the 36th America’s Cup

7th December 2018

One week since the close of the 36th America’s Cup entry period, the Defender and the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron have completed the required checks and accepted the Royal Malta Yacht Club challenge for the 36th America’s Cup.

The Malta Altus Challenge becomes the fourth Challenger for the America’s Cup in 2021, together with the Challenger of Record Luna Rossa (ITA), American Magic (USA) and INEOS Team UK (GBR).

The Royal Malta Yacht Club’s Notice of Challenge was the first of the eight late entries to be received by the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron within the late entry deadline – 5.00 pm of the 30th November NZT- and therefore the first to be processed.

It’s the first time, in 167 years history of the trophy, that Malta challenges for the America’s Cup. Despite being one of the smallest countries in Europe – just 316 km² (122 sq mi) – Malta’s strategic position in the Mediterranean Sea has always made it a hub of maritime activity and a port of crucial importance throughout history.

The Royal Malta Yacht Club whose origins can be traced back to 1835, predating the America’s Cup’s existence, is indeed internationally renowned as the organizer of the 50 year old Middle Sea Race, the 606 miles regatta starting from La Valletta and sailed anti-clockwise around Sicily.

The Team Principal of the Malta Altus Challenge is Pasquale Cataldi, an Italian born businessman who is based in Malta, founder and CEO of the multinational real estate and development company, Altus. This is Cataldi’s first involvement in the America’s Cup but his intention is to pursue a long-term challenge:

“Our goal is to do three editions of the America’s Cup. If you want to build a strong team, then you need to commit to three America’s Cup cycles. I think everyone in this edition is in it for the long-term. We have a new class, so the game is level for everybody, and the differences are not so much,” explained Cataldi.

Grant Dalton, CEO of the Defender Emirates Team New Zealand said: “ We are happy to welcome the Royal Malta Yacht Club and the Malta Altus Challenge to the 36th America’s Cup. After New Zealand, they are now the smallest country to challenge for the America’s Cup. We know what it is like to be a small team facing long odds in taking on one of the biggest challenges in sport and we wish them the best.”

The Malta Altus Challenge will be led by experienced America’s Cup personnel and aims to develop local talent in Malta in the fields of design, engineering and boatbuilding.

“This is a massive opportunity for our club to promote Malta and the skills that exist in the marine industry on a global stage,” said Godwin Zammit, the Commodore of the Royal Malta Yacht Club.

“On behalf of the Club, I’d like to thank the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and Emirates Team New Zealand for their assistance throughout the challenge process and we can’t wait to get down there and start racing in December 2020.”

The full team and further information regarding the challenge will be announced in Malta in the first quarter of 2019.

In the next few weeks other updates regarding the Notices of Challenge, received within the deadline, will be released.

36th America´s Cup, ocho solicitudes para challenger recibidas a la fecha de cierre.


copyright ETNZ

Fuente info ETNZ

8 NEW NOTICES OF CHALLENGE RECEIVED AT CLOSE OF 36TH AMERICA’S CUP ENTRY PERIOD

The period for late entries for the 36th America’s Cup presented by Prada officially closed today, the 30th November 2018.

The Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and Emirates Team New Zealand can confirm there have been an additional 8 Notices of Challenge received by the 5pm (NZT) deadline.

According to the supporting entry documents, only one of these entries is capable of immediate acceptance while the remaining seven notices of challenge carry conditions. Some of the entries are likely to be invalid, something which will be determined through a vetting process which will begin immediately.

“We are really encouraged by the level of interest that has been shown from around the world by the number of notices of challenge that have been lodged by today’s deadline,” said Emirates Team New Zealand CEO Grant Dalton.

“It has been a long time coming, but worthwhile to give potential teams every opportunity to enter what will be a huge global event for New Zealand. However, we must remain cautious and not jump to conclusions on the final number of teams. It is only when the acceptance process has been completed that we will know how many will compete in the Prada Cup alongside Luna Rossa, American Magic & INEOS Team UK.”

Conditions of some of the challenges will require changes to the Protocol, which is therefore dependant on agreement with the Challenger of Record before each new challenger’s participation can be confirmed.

“We understand there will be questions around what a conditional challenge is,” explained Dalton.

“To give some context, an example is where we might have a challenge that is conditional on there being an America’s Cup World Series event in that specific challenger’s country. This, obviously, is something that cannot be determined today and also needs agreement with the Challenger of Record.”

The process of assessing the entries and conditions of the 8 new challengers will begin immediately with the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and Emirates Team New Zealand. Emirates Team New Zealand is acutely conscious of the need to advise Auckland Council and the Government on the base infrastructure footprint requirement which has an impact on overall costs.

The Government and Council have been advised that a maximum of five challengers can be accommodated on Wynyard Point with three double bases and two singles. Should less than three of the late challenges be accepted, the Government and Council will then have the option of not proceeding with the Hobson Wharf extension for the 36thAmerica’s Cup, which would result in considerable cost savings.

“The planning of the America’s Cup venue and infrastructure has been a detailed but fluid process and Emirates Team New Zealand and America’s Cup Event Ltd have been highly conscious of infrastructure build costs while wanting to retain the ability to accommodate as many challengers as necessary by today’s deadline,” said Dalton.

“We want to act quickly with the Challenger of Record so we can definitively inform Council and Government on the total number of teams we need to accommodate or whether it is sensible not to extend Hobson Wharf in this current edition of the America’s Cup, which could save a significant amount of infrastructure expense.”

“We are really proud to have this many teams submit entries for the 36thAmerica’s Cup event which is a true reflection on the belief and excitement of the new AC75 boat concept and the ideal host venue for racing in 2021 in Auckland, New Zealand,” concluded Dalton.

The official announcements of the new accepted challengers will be made at a later date after the completion of the conditional entries process and in accordance with each team’s preference on the timings of their respective public announcements.

36th America´s Cup, anuncian las fechas y área de regata.


Fuente info AC36

PRESS RELEASE – 31 August 2018
36th AMERICA’S CUP MATCH DATES AND RACE COURSE ANNOUNCED AT AMERICA’S CUP OVERTURE IN COWES

America’s Cup to be raced in unprecedented proximity to land in Auckland

America’s Cup Overture
The America’s Cup community from around the world gathered in Cowes today for the first opportunity to meet the teams entered in the 36th edition and hear about what lies ahead including two milestone announcements made by Emirates Team New Zealand CEO, Grant Dalton.

Match Dates
On behalf of the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron, Grant Dalton officially named Auckland as the venue for the 36th America’s Cup Match Presented by Prada and that racing will take place between 6th- 21st March 2021. The Defender, Emirates Team New Zealand, will race against the winner of the Prada Cup, the Challenger Selection Series, in a best of 13 (first to seven points), in the America’s Cup Match.

Race Course Area
In accordance with the Protocol for the 36th America’s Cup, the race course area for the Prada Cup and America’s Cup Match was also announced. The Racing Area is defined by a varied area outlined across the wider Hauraki Gulf, running south along the North Shore beaches around North Head encompassing the inner Waitemata harbour right up to Auckland’s iconic harbour bridge and downtown CBD, across Auckland’s Eastern suburbs and all the way out the Tamaki Strait between Waiheke Island and Maraetai. The Waitemata Harbour and the Hauraki Gulf are widely regarded as ‘The jewel in Auckland’s crown’ and will offer a plethora of race course options, with a full range of wind directions and conditions.

Spectating from shore

“There is a reason that Auckland is world renowned as ‘The City of Sails’ and for its sailing conditions,” said Grant Dalton. “We’re very fortunate that the geography of Auckland allows us so many exciting and challenging race course options in close proximity to elevated vantage points for spectators on land.”

“We needed to define a wide racing area to cater for all wind and tide directions and conditions, which we have done across the racing area. But the one overarching objective in identifying the specific Race Courses within the race area was to bring the racing as close as possible to the land based spectators, and we are incredibly lucky to have both North Head and Bastion Point where the public will literally be able to hear the AC75s whistling above the water and see the wind shifts on the water without having to set foot on a boat. In saying this, catering to the huge expected spectator fleet does provide its own challenges, but we have been working closely with the Harbour Master and all related agencies that have fully bought into the objectives and to do everything we can to make this America’s Cup the most inclusive and spectator friendly America’s Cup ever,” stated Dalton.

Race Timing
There has been specific consideration given to the ideal time of day for racing to start. A tentative race time window estimated between 1600-1800 local time in order for a typical March sea breeze to reliably establish itself across the Waitemata Harbour and Hauraki Gulf race courses based on a leg length of between 1.3- 2.2 Nautical Miles (NM).

Along with the proximity to public, consideration has been given to minimising race day cancellations due to too much wind or swell as was seen in the 34th America’s Cup in San Francisco. The course area, directly between Eastern Beach and Waiheke Island provides a sheltered, all wind direction race course and was the training ground of Emirates Team New Zealand for their successful 35th America’s Cup challenge in Bermuda.

The definitive race distance will depend on the wind speed and selected race course each day with an anticipated 35-minute race duration, including pre-start, based on a typical windward leeward configuration with potential for a dramatic final reaching leg to the finish line.

A New Identity

Today’s America’s Cup Overture began with the unveiling of the new visual identity for the 36th America’s Cup created by internationally renowned designer Marc Newson, who was selected by Prada to design the logo and the silhouette of the Cup.

“Our event in Cowes today, marks the first time we’ve had the Challengers and Defender together in preparation for the 36th America’s Cup Presented by Prada. The announcement of the Match dates, unveiling of the new America’s Cup logo and presentation of the new Prada case for the trophy itself are all milestones for us as we work collaboratively with the Defender to deliver all the events leading up to the Match,” said Laurent Esquier, CEO of the Challenger of Record (COR36).

The sterling silver America’s Cup, the oldest trophy in international sport, travelled to Cowes from Auckland specifically for this event and shone on the stage with her new Prada travelling case. Handcrafted by Prada artisans, this trunk will now accompany the Auld Mug on the road to the 36th America’s Cup.

2018 America’s Cup Hall of Fame
This evening, the 2018 America’s Cup Hall of Fame induction ceremony and black tie dinner will take place at the Royal Yacht Squadron, where it all began 167 years ago. Organised by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and presented by Prada, the evening will recognise the achievements and contributions made to the America’s Cup by John K Marshall, Syd Fischer, Ken McAlpine and Doug Peterson.

QUOTES

“Having the race course so close to the coast will give spectators the opportunity to follow the racing even from the shore with the spectacular backdrop of Auckland – The City of Sails! We cannot wait to get started!”

Max Sirena
Team Director & Skipper

“It’s great to back in Cowes, where the America’s Cup started. The more information we know about the race course area, likely wind conditions, sea state, length of the course and the schedule for the build-up regattas over the next couple of years will really help INEOS TEAM UK set our strategy for when we are building and launching our race boats. ”

Sir Ben Ainslie
Team Principal & Skipper

“Getting the courses today is a big deal because the teams will be basing their design decisions around this information. Exactly what we are going to be doing, how much time you will have to a boundary (if that is in fact the case), versus how much time you will have on the course – all impact the boat design decisions. Today is a huge day for the 36th America’s Cup.”

Terry Hutchinson
Executive Director & Skipper

36 America´s Cup. Primeras imágenes oficiales del T5, barco de pruebas de INEOS Team UK.


© HARRY KH / INEOS TEAM UK

Fuente info INEOS Team UK

Back to where it all started in 1851

INEOS TEAM UK Team Principal and Skipper Ben Ainslie and Giles Scott sail T5 during a testing session on the Solent

On the day that the America’s Cup race course and event dates were announced in Cowes, Isle of Wight, where the Cup began back in 1851, INEOS TEAM UK the British Challenger for the 36th America’s Cup also released the first official images of their test boat, known as T5, a small scale foiling mono-hull.

No team’s full-size race boat can be launched until before the 31st March 2019, under the America’s Cup rules. The boat began sailing in late June and has sailed regularly from the team’s Portsmouth base through the summer.

“Sailing T5 is an important part of the learning process with this new concept, added Ben Ainslie.

Grant Simmer, INEOS TEAM UK CEO was keen to stress this is only the start of a long process of design and development, in the build up to the America’s Cup in 2021. “We know the other teams won’t be that far behind us and we must keep pushing harder than ever. This is a good start and a real credit to the whole team.”

Facts and Figures

- T5 is a 28-foot foiling monohull, it began life as a Quant 28 but has been significantly modified to match the fundamental parameters of the AC75, the class of boat that will contest the 36th America’s Cup.
- The modifications involved installing two foil arms, T-foils and control systems, changing the rudder, deck layout, hardware and rig.
- The boat is scaled at 40% of the AC75.
- T5 will allow the team to learn to sail a completely new concept of sailboat and verify computer modelling and simulations for the design of their first race boat.

AC36. El challenger American Magic del New York Yacht Club, anuncia su primer equipo con el argentino Maciel Cicchetti como trimmer.



Copyright Rich Edwards/Volvo Ocean Race

Fuente info American Magic

July 2, 2018

SAILING TEAM ROSTER RELEASED BY AMERICA’S CUP CHALLENGER
NEW YORK YACHT CLUB AMERICAN MAGIC

New York, N.Y. – New York Yacht Club American Magic, the U.S. sailing team challenging for the 36th America’s Cup has announced an initial roster of 17 sailors who will train and compete with the team. The accomplished group includes nine Americans and sailors from four other nations. The 36th America’s Cup will take place in March 2021 off Auckland, New Zealand.

“We’re excited to announce the names on our current sailing team, and continue the process of building a focused and successful program,” said Terry Hutchinson (Annapolis, Md.) Skipper and Executive Director of American Magic. “Every personnel decision we make in this campaign will be with a single goal in mind, and that is to win the America’s Cup in 2021. With the support of our 90-strong collection of world-class designers, boatbuilders and staff, our sailors will be capable of accomplishing that goal.”

The AC75 class, a new type of 75-foot hydro-foiling boat designed specifically for the next edition of the America’s Cup, the world’s oldest international sporting event, is expected to race with a crew of 11 sailors.

“A major consequence of the decision to return the regatta to cutting-edge mono-hulled boats of this size is that America’s Cup racing has been refocused on sailing skills and teamwork,” said Hutchinson, a 14-time world champion and veteran of four Cup campaigns. “It will take a high level of performance from everyone onboard to get these boats around the racecourse.”

American Magic’s team roster includes the combined experience of 31 America’s Cup campaigns, and three team members are previous Cup winners. Eight American Magic sailors are Olympians, with two medals won, and the roster has earned over 60 world championship victories in various classes. American Magic sailors who are also Olympic hopefuls on the US Sailing Team will be given the flexibility to pursue their campaigns for Tokyo 2020 while operating as part of the America’s Cup team.

“This team roster includes a great balance of proven experience and youth, and will help establish the next generation of America’s Cup talent in the United States,” said Hap Fauth (Naples, Fla.), Team Principal and CEO of American Magic.

“Thanks to the efforts of our partners at US Sailing, Oakcliff and other organizations that have supported high-performance sailing, we have capable athletes coming out of Olympic, foiling and development classes here at home. They will help our team win on the water, and also help reengage the American audience with sailing’s pinnacle event.”

American Magic continues to make steady progress on the path towards Auckland, and the team recently opened a dedicated boatbuilding facility in Bristol, R.I. Under the rules governing the 36th America’s Cup, the earliest an AC75 can be launched by any team is March 31, 2019. American Magic is expected to begin sailing their first boat soon after this date, and conduct initial testing on the waters of Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island Sound.

“The return of America’s Cup activity to the Newport, Rhode Island area will be a thrilling sight for sailing fans here, across the country and around the world,” said Phil Lotz (Fort Lauderdale, Fla.), the 65th Commodore of the New York Yacht Club. “For 175 years, the New York Yacht Club has been dedicated to moving competitive sailing forward. Defending and challenging for the Cup, a trophy we held for 132 years, has been a large part of the club’s commitment to our sport. We’re proud to return to the America’s Cup arena with this exceptional sailing team.”

The team, led by Fauth, Team Principal Doug DeVos (Grand Rapids, Mich.), and Team Principal Roger Penske (Bloomfield Hills, Mich.) is one of three confirmed Challengers set to compete for the Cup against the current holders, Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and its defending team, Emirates Team New Zealand. To date, Luna Rossa Challenge from Italy and INEOS Team UK from Great Britain have also been announced as Challengers.

“Racing for the America’s Cup is a dream shared by all competitive sailors,” said James Lyne (Granville, Vermont), Head Coach of the team. “American Magic is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for our athletes. We are led by a great group of principals, have talented designers, experienced builders, and we are representing New York Yacht Club, with its unmatched America’s Cup history. The stars have aligned to give us this chance to win back the Cup for the United States.”

Sailing Team: New York Yacht Club American Magic

Skipper & Executive Director:

Terry Hutchinson (Annapolis, Maryland, United States)

Helms/Tacticians:

Dean Barker (Auckland, New Zealand)
Andrew Campbell (San Diego, California, United States)
Bora Gulari (Detroit, Michigan, United States)
Ian Moore (Cowes, Great Britain)

Sail Trimmers:

Trevor Burd (Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States)
Maciel Cicchetti (Mar del Plata, Argentina)
Paul Goodison (Sheffield, Great Britain)
David Hughes (Miami, Florida, United States)

Specialists:

Matt Cassidy (San Diego, California, United States)
Sean Clarkson (Mill Valley, California – Nationality: New Zealand)
Jim Turner (Auckland, New Zealand)

Grinders:

Cooper Dressler (Coronado, California, United States)
Luke Muller (Ft. Pierce, Florida, United States)
Caleb Paine (San Diego, California, United States)
Luke Payne (Fremantle, Australia)
Joe Spooner (Auckland, New Zealand)

Head Coach:

James Lyne (Granville, Vermont, United States)

About the New York Yacht Club

The New York Yacht Club was founded in 1844 when nine New York yachtsmen met aboard John Cox Stevens’ yacht and a year later its original clubhouse was built in Hoboken, N.J. The Club’s Annual Regatta was first run in 1845. The Club was the keeper of the America’s Cup from 1851 to 1983, and it organized the first transatlantic race in 1866. The Club maintains two exquisite clubhouses, on 44th Street in the heart of New York City, known for its Model Room and extensive nautical library, and Harbour Court in Newport, R.I., which annually hosts some of North America’s most prestigious sailing events, including the Annual Regatta, Race Week at Newport presented by Rolex, the Rolex New York Yacht Club Invitational Cup and the Queen’s Cup. www.nyyc.org

About New York Yacht Club American Magic

Formed in October 2017 by Bella Mente Racing, Quantum Racing and the New York Yacht Club, NYYC American Magic brings together two highly successful racing programs with one of the foremost yacht clubs in the world, all with the shared vision of launching a campaign for the 36th America’s Cup competition, reconnecting the American sailing base with sailing’s premier event and elevating the quality of competitive sailing in the United States. The syndicate intends to develop and support a team that will participate in the America’s Cup competition and the Challenger Selection Series competitions that lead up to it. American Magic is a recognized 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. www.americanmagic.com

36th America´s Cup. Cierre del primer período de inscripción con tres challengers confirmados.


© AC36

Fuente info AC36

PRESS RELEASE 1 July 2018

ENTRIES REMAIN OPEN WHILE INITIAL 36th AMERICA’S CUP ENTRY PERIOD PASSES

RNZYS confirms Challengers accepted for 36th America’s Cup

The 30th of June 2018 marks the end of the initial challenging period for the 36th America’s Cup presented by Prada, which commenced on the 1st of January 2018.

The Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron confirms three Challenges have been received and accepted within the terms of the Protocol of the 36th America’s Cup. The entries are in accordance with the America’s Cup Deed of Gift to challenge the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and its representative team, Emirates Team New Zealand.

The confirmed entries in order of receipt are as follows:
Circolo della vela Sicilia (Italy), represented by Luna Rossa Challenge, the Challenger of Record
New York Yacht Club (USA), represented by American Magic
Royal Yacht Squadron Racing (UK), represented by INEOS TEAM UK

Interest continues from other potential challengers around the world who have until 30 November 2018 to enter, as per the Late Entry period defined in the Protocol.

“We are thrilled to have three very high quality challengers confirmed for the 36th America’s Cup in Auckland. It is going to be a fantastic spectacle with this calibre of teams and the cutting edge yachts that the world has never seen. We welcome any further challengers from the teams that we are currently in talks with,” said Steve Mair, Commodore of the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron.

“It is a great honour to welcome the best teams in the world to challenge for the Prada Cup. To win the America’s Cup, one will first need to win the Prada Cup,” said Laurent Esquier, CEO of COR 36, the organisers of the America’s Cup World Series, Christmas Race and Challenger Selection Series.

America’s Cup 36
The America’s Cup is the oldest trophy in sport and is recognised as the pinnacle of sailing. Leading up to the America’s Cup Match, are the America’s Cup World Series events in 2019-2020, the Christmas Race in December 2020 and the Challenger Selections Series – the Prada Cup in early 2021 to determine the team which will challenge the Defender, Emirates Team New Zealand in the America’s Cup Match Presented by Prada in March 2021 in Auckland.

La revolucionaria vela flexible de North Sails para la 36 America’s Cup.


© North Sails

Fuente info North Sails

La revolucionaria vela flexible de North Sails para la 36 America’s Cup

Burns Fallow y Michael Richelsen lideran el equipo de trabajo de North Sails, Emirates Team New Zealand y Luna Rossa para desarrollar el concepto de vela flexible y la Regla de Clase AC75. El North Design Suite, herramienta clave para analizar el monocasco volador con el que se competirá por la 36 America’s Cup.

North Technology Group cuenta con una larga y productiva historia en la America’s Cup. Tanto la velería North Sails como la firma de aparejos Southern Spars han sido fundamentales en el desarrollo de barcos de Copa durante años, más recientemente con la introducción de la revolucionaria tecnología 3Di y los innovadores catamaranes foileadores de ala rígida. El anuncio del nuevo concepto de barco con el que se competirá por la 36 America’s Cup debe mucho del trabajo, los recursos, la experiencia y la creatividad al corazón del Grupo North. North Sails y sus herramientas de diseño han vuelto a ser parte clave para el desarrollo de los monocascos que volarán en Nueva Zelanda en 2021.

El Defender Emirates Team New Zealand y el Challenge of Record Luna Rossa tenían claro que querían crear algo nuevo, emocionante y diferente cuando sugirieron las primeras pinceladas de cómo sería la defensa en Auckland. Para ello, no dudaron en recurrir a North Sails, el indiscutible líder mundial de diseño y fabricación de velas.

Desde el inicio de la colaboración, en septiembre de 2017, los expertos de North Sails Burns Fallow y Michael Richelsen fueron conscientes de que debían implicar el North Design Suite, la serie de programas informáticos utilizados por arquitectos navales, diseñadores y regatistas de todo el mundo. Entre los componentes del Suite, iba a ser determinante para el desarrollo del nuevo concepto el software Membrain©, que equilibra presión de viento, forma de la vela y fuerzas del aparejo.

Según Fallow: “Iniciamos este proyecto en septiembre y no tuvimos mucho tiempo para valorar si esta idea iba a ser viable o no, así que había muchas preguntas esenciales que requerían respuesta. Preguntas como cuál será la diferencia de cargas entre la superficie de barlovento y de sotavento de la vela, cómo trabajará la interacción entre sables y mástil, o cuál será el beneficio aerodinámico de todo esto. E iba a resultar arriesgado dar una respuesta. Informé a Michael (Richelsen) sobre lo que tratábamos de lograr, y apenas dos meses más tarde, tras un exhaustivo desarrollo informático, logramos una versión del Membrain que nos ayudó a responder esas preguntas. Desde entonces, hemos añadido más y más funciones para lograr modelos más perfeccionados. Es uno de los proyectos más emocionantes y progresivos en los que he estado involucrado en mis 30 años con North Sails”.

Membrain se utiliza en paralelo con Flow©, que inicialmente aplica presión de viento al conjunto de velas y aparejo, y devuelve un mapa de presiones, fuerzas y momentos generados sobre los mismos. Membrain utiliza estos resultados de Flow para calcular la deformación virtual de la combinación aparejo/vela como estructura unificada. Este proceso se repite hasta que se consigue un equilibrio estable.

El ingeniero jefe de desarrollo de software en North Sails, Michael Richelsen, explica: “Sabíamos que Membrain iba a resultar clave para llegar a una conclusión para el concepto de barco que buscaban Emirates Team New Zealand y Luna Rossa Challenge. Ajustando variables en diseño de velas y aparejo, podemos utilizar Membrain para refinar y optimizar formas del ala, diseño del mástil, configuración del aparejo y más. Trabajando con análisis de aerodinámica e hidrodinámica para los catamaranes de vela rígida de la anterior Copa (2017), adaptamos Membrain al concepto de vela flexible para crear una simulación para el análisis completo del nuevo barco, cargas, aparejo, velas”.

Rígida, flexible o convencional
El sistema de doble elemento de vela rígida utilizado en las ediciones 34 y 35 de la America’s Cup (2013 y 2017) dio lugar a un nivel inédito de trimado. Un ala dividida en segmentos puede ser configurada con una profundidad mayor que una vela convencional, logrando así una fuerza de sustentación mayor cuando se necesite. En segundo lugar, los brazos de control rígidos pueden forzar la inversión de las secciones superiores, lo que crea un momento de adrizamiento, requerido en condiciones de exceso de potencia, al invertir la fuerza de sustentación. Pero un ala rígida es complicada, cara y poco práctica para la navegación en general.

La vela flexible es un híbrido entre una vela convencional y una rígida. Los pares de sables (uno en cada sección) controlan activamente el twist en el área superior. El control de estos sables puede cambiar la forma de la vela y consecuentemente las prestaciones. Aunque la inversión de sección de una vela flexible no puede ser tan dramática como lo sería en un ala rígida, si es mucho mayor que la de una mayor convencional. Mucho del desarrollo reciente de North Sails en Membrain se ha centrado en modelar la interacción entre pares de sables.

A diferencia de una mayor convencional, un ala rígida no se desventa. La vela flexible conserva esta característica gracias a los pares de sables, por lo que puede liberar potencia mejor que una vela convencional, algo muy beneficioso y aprovechable. Por su parte, la superficie 3Di actúa como esencial receptor de cargas, colaborando con los pares de sables para lograr una vela flexible efectiva.

JB Braun, jefe de diseño e ingeniería en North Sails, explica que las consecuencias de esta investigación trascenderá el nicho de la America’s Cup: “Tras 20 años de investigación y desarollo en diseño de velas convencionales y rígidas, podemos trabajar junto a Emirates Team New Zealand y Luna Rossa Challenge para ayudar a evolucionar nuestro deporte con la nueva regla para la 36 America’s Cup. En un período de tiempo reducido (meses frente a años), hemos trabajado unidos utilizando North Design Suite para guiar la próxima generación de barcos de America’s Cup Class. Como ya comprobamos desde el nacimiento de la tecnología 3Di con Alinghi, que hoy es utilizada tanto en competición como en crucero, los beneficios de este trabajo para el deporte de la vela son enormes”.